How To Get Rid Of Baby Acne
Baby acne is a condition in which new born babies develop small pimples on the forehead and cheeks area. Baby acne is also known as acne neonatorum or Erythema toxicum neonatorum. In this condition, babies develop yellow or white headed blisters or papules on the forehead, cheeks, neck and other parts of the body. The blisters can also appear on the legs and thighs. These red blisters can appear and disappear in several days automatically or even in several hours. Although, they look horrible but are not harmful. Baby will be least bothered about them and behave normally. Baby acne is different from acne in adults as acne in adults is a chronic, inflammatory skin disorder that eventually develops blackheads, pimples, nodules, cysts and whiteheads. Acne is a common problem in people of all ages.
What Causes Baby Acne
Baby acne does not have any known cause. There are some hypotheses about baby acne but not confirmed causes. The popular hypotheses for baby acne include
- Transfer of hormones from mother – The cause that is often considered as a main cause of baby acne is transfer of hormones from mother to new born through breast feeding. Certain hormonal imbalance in the body releases excess of sebum, an oily liquid produced from sebaceous gland which is the main cause for baby acne. If the transfer of hormones could have happened through the placenta in the womb, a new born quickly shows acne within few hours of birth. These maternal hormones stimulate new born baby’s oil producing glands and causing pimples that pop up on the forehead, chin, cheeks, and eyelid portion of the body. It may cause irritation and itching in the child if the intensity of acne is more.
- Sensitive and immature skin – New born babies are in the phase of developing the outer layer of skin (epidermis). Because of this, they have a sensitive and young skin that is easily affected by outer environment such as dust particles, change in temperature, allergic substances.
- Allergic reactions – The acne can be occurred due to specific allergy. Allergy to any kind of food or medication can develop acne.
The symptoms of baby acne include red blisters or patches that cover a localized section or can spread in different parts of the body. Baby acne generally affects face but can be found on chest, neck and sometimes on the scalp. This acne can be itchy and can be scratched by the baby.
Pimples or blisters are commonly observed in babies face when they are 2-4 months old. Sometimes, baby acne appears in the form of whiteheads and disappears automatically without requiring any treatment.
There are two types of baby acne that affects babies at different stages of their life, they are
- Neonatal Acne – it occurs in newborn babies at the age of three months. It is recognize by red to pink lesions. This kind of acne is limited to face only, mainly on cheeks. It does not cause any problem to the baby.
- Infantile Acne– it occurs after four months. It is more severe than neonatal as lesions are inflamed and form papules.
Baby acne is not serious problem and there is no need to worry about its occurrence. But, there are several conditions that can be risk factor for a baby and needs medical supervision. Such as
- If the acne is brightly red and release a discharge
- If the acne had yellowish heads and forming pus
- If baby scratches acne and develop wounds
- If acne further develop fever
- If acne further develop any skin problem, such as eczema
The doctor can diagnose the problem by just looking it. The problem does not require any deep testing. If doctor needs detailed analysis report then only he recommends laboratory testing. If the condition is severe then only a blood test is required, otherwise it is not required.
There is not any special treatment is required for baby acne since it will disappear on its own after healing. However, if the intensity of acne is severe and causing itching and irritation, it is recommended to consult dermatologist. The dermatologist may prescribe a cream or ointment to cure acne. The skin of a baby is highly sensitive and does not support any over the counter acne treatment such as long term use of medicated lotions or creams. In severe cases, doctor may prescribe benzoyl peroxide cream and ionic silver solution. The other topical ointments can include ketoconazole, and hydrocortisone. Treating baby acne is simple and easy and does not require any external help. Acne development is not dangerous to the skin but it can makes marks on the skin.
Baby Acne Natural Home Remedies
Natural home remedies are much better choice to heal baby acne than medication prescribed by the doctor. Natural home remedies do not have any side effects and cleanup the body in a natural way. Breast milk is the best remedy for controlling acne since it is an excellent antioxidant which removes and controls acne formation. Rubbing breast milk on the affected area will control acne to large extent. Some of the other home remedies for baby acne include
- Coconut oil
- Cornstarch paste
- Vinegar treatment
- Honey and lemon paste
- Nursing mother should avoid eating dairy products, citrus products, and sugar
- Sandalwood paste
Prevention is the only treatment which you can do for baby acne. Few preventive tips for baby acne are
- Avoid picking, scrubbing, or squeezing acne to limit its occurrence
- Always keep baby face clean
- Always clean that area with lukewarm water 2-3 times a day
- Dry, wet skin of baby softly
- Avoid using adult skin care products on babies
- Avoid using harsh lotions and creams
Baby acne is a common and normal condition. It does not cause any harm to new born babies. The most important suggestion to parents is to be patient and give time to baby skin to resolve problem on its own. This will increase body capacity to fight with foreign substances. The human body has many inbuilt natural protection techniques to stay safe and recover with any infection. It only needs time and little patience.