You will be happy to know the amount of weight your baby has gained at this week. You have to eat a well balanced diet for keeping your baby in good health. Also include plenty of fiber in your daily diet to reduce constipation. Drink plenty of water and juice to keep you hydrated. Your emotion will directly influence the baby now and hence focus your attention in healthy habits like listening to music and praying to god etc. Keep up your routine checkups in progress to ensure that everything is good with your baby.
At the stage of 31st week of pregnancy you have put on maximum weight since your baby is growing rapidly. Many women will have back pain from this stage which can be disturbing. You may not have quality sleep nowadays due to the racing emotions and uncomfortable feeling owing to growing belly.
Your breasts will attain maximum growth now and for some women there will be leakage of colostrums, yellowish discharge from the nipples. You may pass little urine when you are sneezing or coughing or even laugh loudly. This is quite normal at this stage due to bulging size of the uterus which is pushing all other organs.
Continue doing exercises even it is difficult for you at this stage. Involve your mind in reading good books and listening to instrumental music. Doing meditation will help you in overcoming discomfort to great extent. Your mind will remain peaceful which will help in keeping your baby calm.
Read : 30 Week Pregnancy
Development Of The Baby
Your baby will be over 4 pounds at this stage and will be around 14-16 inches long. His growth in size will become almost double in just couple of months from now due to continuous accumulation of fat particles under the skin. Most of his organs will become mature by now and lungs will be able to inflate properly from now on. It will produce a substance called surfactant which will help in preventing the lungs from collapsing soon after birth.
Now he can hear to any sound outside the uterus since his ears are fully developed. He can even hear your breathing rhythm and heartbeat and any music you listen to. He can also hear other voices when you are engaged in conversation with them. His fingernails and toenails are fully formed at this stage and sometimes he would scratch himself on his body accidentally.
It is necessary that you remain well hydrated at this stage since your baby needs amniotic fluid for his life. Hence you need to visit your doctor regularly to assure that there is no problem. Amniotic fluid is the only source of food for him which he would swallow for getting essential nutrients and eliminate as feces. In case there is plenty of amniotic fluid inside your uterus there is chance that your baby has not swallowed food properly and may have gastrointestinal problem. In case there is little of amniotic fluid then it can be due to problems in urinary tract or kidneys of your baby.
Read : 29 Week Pregnancy
Tips For The Week
Your body has become heavy at this stage and you will have problems in regular eating and sleeping pattern. Your baby will gain weight quickly from this week. It is necessary that you stay calm and continue eating healthy foods for your weight gain. You can resolve emotional issues with the support of your partner and family members. You can also get help from online support groups if you stay connected.
It is time for you to take some maternity photos to get rid of any negative feelings. You have to remain patient for another few weeks to remain with your beautiful baby.