STDs – Causes, Pictures, Signs, Symptoms, Tests, Types, Treatment, Home Remedies

By | December 9, 2015

It is a widely acknowledged fact that having unprotected sex can cause a whole lot of complications. Similarly having multiple partners can also take its toll later on in life. These are the persons who contact sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unknowingly pass it on to their partners. STDs can even lead to serious diseases such as cancer which can be fatal. A lesser known fact is that STDs and Infertility problems are linked with each other very deeply.

It has been researched that each year the number of women finding it difficult to conceive on account of STDs is increasing day by day. The appalling fact is that many of these women do not even know that they are affected by STDs. It is only when they fail to conceive and go to a doctor does this fact dawn on them that they have STDs.

Causes :

The main cause of STDs is unprotected sex. Men who have sex with men are more at risk in contacting STDs. These diseases are very contagious as they spread from skin to skin contact while having sexual intercourse. Thus they risk infecting their partners with the same problem.


Signs and Symptoms :

Some of the commonly affected STD’s are as follows.

  • Human Papillomavirus : This is characterized by formation of warts in the genital area in both men and women. These warts if left untreated can cause problems later on.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease : This disease affects the reproductive system of the female species which is characterized by unusual bleeding and abnormal foul smelling vaginal discharge that is greenish yellow in color.
  • Gonorrhea : This is a tricky disease which involves a number of symptoms such as bleeding between periods, greenish discharge from the vagina, and pain while urinating etc.
  • Chlamydia : This is caused by a bacterial infection that affects both men and women alike. Women experience discomfort during urination, increased vaginal discharge and inflammation of the cervix. Men experience pain during urination and discharge from the penis.
  • Syphilis is caused by bacteria that can pass on from an infected person during intercourse. This is characterized by formation of painless and highly contagious canker sores followed by rashes on the soles and palms as well as lesions in the mouth and vaginal area.

There are many more such commonly occurring STDs which affects a whole lot of people. There are many ill effects of STDs and infertility is one among them.

Tests and Diagnosis :

Fertility tests are part and parcel of fertility evaluation. Not every fertility test will be done for every case. It is only when the matter becomes serious that the more invasive ones like a laparoscopy are done. Usually the following tests are done for diagnosis of STD’s.

As both women as well as men can contact STD’s many of these tests are common in nature.

  • Chlamydia : A physical examination can reveal a lot. Additional tests of discharge from the anus, urethra or vagina can also be done. A cell sample test from the cervix or the penis can also confirm presence of Chlamydia.
  • Gonorrhea : The discharge from the anus, urethra or vagina is tested. Similarly test of cell sample from the cervix, penis or throat is also usually done.
  • Syphilis : Blood test of the individual is done which can confirm presence of syphilis. Another confirmatory test is the test of fluid taken from a syphilis pore.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) : This is a female centric disease. A pelvic examination followed by blood test and test of discharge from the vagina can confirm PID. In extreme cases laparoscopy is done which includes the insertion of a special viewing instrument to have a closer look at the reproductive organs.


Prognosis :

Exposure to the STDs can occur when you have sexual contact involving genitals, mouth or the rectum. The chances of contracting STD’s increase if you have more than one partner and indulge in frequent unprotected sex. STDs and infertility go hand in hand and this is one major reason why one should get tested when one experiences the slightest symptom of an STD.

If left untreated, STDs can cause serious complications such as cancer and could even lead to the person being affected with the dreaded AIDS. In case you suspect having STD, you should not have sex until you get treated for the same.

Prevention :

The best way of preventing STDs and Infertility resulting from the same is not to have unprotected or unnatural sex. You should avoid sexual relations with someone who has genital sores, rash or discharge symptoms. You should restrict your sexual activities with a single partner and ensure that the partner too does the same. Certain other prevention measures are as follows.

  • Use protection every time you have sex. The only time you can have unprotected sex is when both you as well as your partner have been tested negative for STDs.
  • Avoid sharing towels and other types of under clothing.
  • Wash thoroughly before and after intercourse.

Contagious :

Yes. STDs are contagious and can pass on from person to person through skin to skin contact during sexual encounters. Hence you should exercise caution in this regard. As STDs can be transmitted by exchange of fluids, it is recommended that you do not share clothing such as towels and under clothing etc.

Types :

The most common types of STDs are as follows.

  1. Chlamydia : Bacterial infection and highly contagious.
  2. Gonorrhea : Bacterial infection caused by unprotected sexual intercourse.
  3. Trichomoniasis : Infection caused by a parasite which can damage the fallopian tubes.
  4. Syphilis : Bacterial infection which can affect males and females alike.


Complications :

Many complications can result from STDs and Infertility is the main problem which is a matter of concern among young couples. It has been seen that STD’s if left untreated can cause a lot of cancers and may even lead to being afflicted with AIDS.

Home Remedies :

Nature has an amazing way of curing the most dreaded of ailments. Some of the natural cures for STD’s are as follows.

  • Tea Tree Oil : Dip a cotton ball in tea tree oil and dab it on the affected sores three times a day. Women can also use this oil for douching their vagina. This can reduce pain and itching.
  • Neem : Boil large amounts of Neem leaves in water for about fifteen minutes. Taking a bath with this water can cure a lot of STD’s as Neem has a proven record of having amazing medicinal value.
  • Garlic : Chewing a few cloves of garlic every day in the morning on an empty stomach can get to the root of the problem.
  • Green Tea : Drinking three cups of green tea can improve the immune system and also remove the harmful radicals. Green tea is known all over the world for curing STD problems.

Treatment :

Different types of STDs require different treatment. However the most common method of treatment involves prescribing a course of antibiotics. Let us consider some STD’s and their methods of treatment.

  • Gonorrhea and Chlamydia : Complete course of antibiotics
  • Genital Herpes : Anti viral drugs
  • Syphilis : Antibiotics

It should be ensured that the entire course of antibiotics is completed as leaving it half way may result in recurrence of the disease.

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