Mycoplasma Genitalium – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Infection

By | December 3, 2015

Overview Of Mycoplasma Genitalium :

From studies and series of tests that have been carried out, it is evident that Mycoplasma genitalium infection is a sexually transmitted disease between partners. There is no certain implications for the testing, screening, and providing treatment for victims suffering from MG. What sample is considered most appropriate, which test is most sensitive, who should go for test, what is the best treatment and what are the best practices partners need to manage to avoid the infection?

It is quite tedious to study this bacterium infection. The organism is very detailed and very difficult to be cultured and, when success is even achieved, it takes a long period of time for the isolate to develop. Sophisticated forms of serology may be important in the study of epidemiology but certainly less important in diagnosis. The only diagnostic tools available are the Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests, but a commercial test has not been unveiled for the purpose of diagnosis.

Mycoplasma genitalium

Causes :

This infection is caused by a bacterium called Mycoplasma genitalium and it affects both men and female. It is a sexually transmitted disease that can be transmitted through anal, vagina or oral opening. Mucus membrane of the anus, throat, cervix and urethra are the major areas this bacterium infects.

Sign & Symptoms :

Since this infection is common in both male and female, there are different symptoms that can be observed.

  • For Men :

Mycoplasma genitalium infection in men is called urethrithis i.e. infection that affect the urethra and urinary tract that leads from bladder and come out at the penis. The following are the symptoms involved:

  1. The penis brings out a watery discharge
  2. When urinating, the penis experiences burning sensation.
  • For Women :

This is a very severe issue with women, and the cervix is majorly infected by this bacterium. Most times, symptoms are not really seen but they may include:

  1. Discomfort during urination
  2. The vagina discharges an abnormal fluid
  3. Bleeding often occurs after sex, and between periods.

If proper treatment is not carried out on the sufferer, this infection that affect only the cervix initially will spread to fallopian tubes- tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus, and PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) will be the outcome. Although there may not be symptoms, the following sigs may also be experienced:

  1. Fever
  2. Pain during intercourse
  3. Pain in the lower part of the abdomen

If this PID is also left untreated, it may result to injury of the tubes and tubal pregnancy or ectopic, which will eventually lead to infertility.

Mycoplasma genitalium

Tests :

There are basically two ways for testing for the presence of this infection. The required sample to be tested is dependent on the status of the person’s health that is to be tested and also the method of test to be employed.

  • The first test is the antibody testing. In this test, blood sample is required and this can be gotten with help of a needle by inserting into the vein
  • The second test is called the direct detection test. Different samples may be required for this test. Samples of urethra or cervix discharge or a urine test may be carried out through a chain reaction called polymerase.

Diagnosis :

In most cases, diagnosis is made when test for chlamydia and gonorrhea are negative and when a person exhibits the symptoms, and more testing may be undertaking for Mycoplasma genitalium infection.

Prognosis :

It is very important that an immediate and proper treatment should be followed up if you are diagnosed with Mycoplasma genitalium infection. If this treatment is not carried out on time, several consequences may occur and may be severe than before.

You Stand A Risk Of The Following If Treatment Is Ignored:

  • It may eventually lead to infertility
  • Scars on the fallopian tube may develop which may result in complication in the reproductive system.

Mycoplasma genitalium

How To Prevent Mycoplasma Genitalium Infection :

There are ways to prevent this infection from occurring or re-occurring if you have been infected before, they are:

  • Safe sex practice must be strictly adhere to.
  • There should be no sex at all until you and your sex partner have totally completed the antibiotic treatment.
  • A rerun test needs to be carried out to confirm that the infection has been cleared
  • Excluding other types of sexually transmitted disease during testing is highly advisable
  • There is need to contact sex partners and a test should be run on them. If any symptoms are exhibited, it should be treated immediately. Infection may be transmitted to other partner even if no signs are observed in the other.

How likely Is It To Contact This Infection?

Yes it is contagious. When a sexual partner is infected with this disease, it can be transmitted to the other partner when they involve in sexual contact such as sexual intercourse. Apart from the vaginal opening, sex through anus and the mouth can also transmit Mycoplasma genitalium infection.

Types of Mycoplasma Infection :

Scientists have done a great job in isolating at least seventeen types of mycoplasma pathogens from human. There are four types that are the cause of most of the clinically important infections that will likely draw the attention of physicians generally. These four types are mycoplasma genitalium (which is being talked about in this article), mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma species, and mycoplasma pneumonia.

Mycoplasma genitalium

Complications :

If the sufferer neglects this Mycoplasma genital infection, over time, it may lead to several complications such as scars in the fallopian tube and also infertility.

Home Remedies :

Natural herbal treatments such as natural herbs, dietary supplements, and vitamins may be suitable for this kind of infection.

The following are some extracts that may reduce the risk and boost your body immune system:

  • Garlic
  • Oregano oil
  • Grape seed
  • probiotics

Treatment :

Mycoplasma genitalium can be effectively treated by the use of oral antibiotics. A common antibiotic prescribed is Azithromycin. Just one dose of it is mostly prescribed by a doctor. Recurring or continued symptoms may be referred to specialist hospitals for complete treatment.

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