Gonorrhea – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Pictures, Facts, Tests, Definition

By | November 27, 2015

What Is Gonorrhea ?

One of the most common Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI), Gonorrhea is caused by the bacteria known as Gonorrhoeae or Gonococcus. It is primarily found in both men and women fluid discharges which are infected with Gonorrhea. The infectious disease of Gonorrhea has dramatically increased with a huge number of victims are among heterosexuals.

Causes :

It is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae which breeds and reproduces easily in the mucus membranes of the body. Genital sex activities will cause this disease in the genital areas while having anal sex can increase the transmission of rectum Gonorrhea. Further oral sexual activities can develop throat Gonorrhea.


Symptoms Of Gonorrhea :

Gonorrhea may not show any symptoms at all. However, for men the first obvious symptom is usually a burning feeling when urinating. Among the other symptoms of having this infection are:

  • Having persistent sore throat
  • Swelling of the testicles associated with pain and discomfort
  • Swelling of the opening of the penis associated with pain and discomfort
  • Unusual fluid discharge form the penis
  • Frequent urination

For women, having Gonorrhea may sometimes be asymptomatic. But, when symptoms develop it is usually the same with any other infections making it a bit hard to identify. Common symptoms for women include:

  • Unusual fluid discharge from the vagina
  • Having persistent sore throat
  • Burning feeling in the vagina when urinating
  • Frequent urination
  • Having discomfort and pain during sexual activities
  • Having discomfort and pain in the lower abdomen
  • Having fever


Tests :

Testing for Gonorrhea should be done once you feel any of the signs and symptoms of the infection. The tests utilize body fluids and urine samples to check for the presence of the said bacteria. In order to find if you have Gonorrhea, here are the tests:

  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests (NAAT) – This test looks for the presence of the Gonorrhea bacteria from the urine and body fluid samples.
  • Gonorrhea Culture – Again, this test is done using body fluids and urine collected from the suspected area of infection. The samples are then joined with a medical substance which aid in growing the bacteria of Gonorrhea.

Diagnosis :

This Sexually Transmitted Infection can only be diagnosed if you undergo a test. It is important that you seek medical tests if you suspect you have any infection in your body. Do not delay any medical advice and test so as not to increase any chances of complications. Remember, early diagnosis can always let you treat the infection and eventually be free from any STI.


Prognosis :

Gonorrhea can be treated with the intake of prescribed antibiotics and it can be cured almost 95 to 99 percent. However, if Gonorrhea is underestimated and not given proper medication and treatment it can lead to serious diseases and complications such as:

  • Having arthritis
  • Having meningitis
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Can result in chronic pelvic pain
  • Can cause infertility
  • Can lead to Chlamydia

Prevention :

Prevention is always better than cure. Before you acquire any sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as Gonorrhea, it’s always better to make necessary steps to prevent having this infection. Here are a few of the tips to reduce the risks of Gonorrhea:

  • Always Use Condom – If you cannot refrain from having sexual activities, it’s better to use condoms. It might not be the most definite way to stop you from getting this infection but it will certainly help in preventing.
  • Have Regular Checkups/Tests – If you have any symptoms or discomfort in your body, seek tests to find out if you have any infections such as Gonorrhea. There is nothing more secure than sending yourself and your partner to a medical expert.
  • Never Have Sexual Contact That Has Unusual Signs – If you suspect that your partner may have any signs of this infection, never have sexual contact with them.


Is Gonorrhea Contagious?

According to medical experts, Gonorrhea is contagious. Having sexual contact with a person who has Gonorrhea can transmit infection to your immune system. The bacteria can spread in any people who have sex with an infected person through the body fluids from the penis or vagina.

Types :

This infection is also called “the clap” which is known to be sexually transmitted. The types of this disease are:

  • Gonorrhea of the Mouth – Most of the time one cannot identify any symptoms of this infection in the mouth because it rarely occurs. One common symptom is the inflammation of the throat and this is mistakenly considered to be only a sore throat.
  • Gonorrhea of the Vagina – When a woman is healthy, her fluid discharges are usually clear and milky with no foul odor. Although fluid discharges of women may vary during their monthly cycle, do not forget to always seek medical tests if something is unusual with your discharges especially if there is a change in color and smell.
  • Gonorrhea of the Cervix – This is commonly known as the Cervical Gonorrhea. This occurs when you are diagnosed with Vaginal Gonorrhea. With this infection, it can immediately spread to your vaginal parts including the uterus and fallopian tubes which can definitely affect your pregnancy or even infertility and can cause any pelvic diseases.
  • Gonorrhea of the Throat – This infection is spread through oral sexual activities which can cause a very painful and burning sensation to your throat and tonsils.
  • Gonorrhea of the Eyes – This is also known as the Ocular Gonorrhea which is the rarest of all the infection of this type. This can later on lead to eye disease of Conjunctivitis.


Complications :

When treated in time, Gonorrhea will not lead to any complications or serious problems. But, if you underestimate the symptoms of the bacteria it can definitely cause severe body problems such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). When you already have PID, you have the high chance of getting pelvic pains, infertility and even ectopic pregnancy. Further, while you are pregnant and have been diagnosed with Gonorrhea it can cause various problems such as premature labor or eventually lead to miscarriage. In addition, it can also cause pain and discomfort to men’s testicles and prostate glands.


Home Remedies :

The bacteria causing Gonorrhea grows in a person’s warm and moist body parts. This infection is asymptomatic, but when diagnosed you are given proper medications such as taking antibiotics. However, there is also nothing wrong when you try home and natural remedies.

  • Guyabano Fruit – You just need to extract the juice from the fruit and drink it which is important in decreasing the effects of the infection because it is consists of Vitamin C, B1 and B2.
  • Tea Tree Oil – This is usually used in women having this disease wherein they drop the oil extract together with coconut oil into the tampons before they use it.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar – This remedy is used by mixing the vinegar with the coconut oil into the tampons and uses it in your vagina. Or you may also mix 1 spoon of the Apple Cider vinegar and 5 cups of water to be used when you take a bath.

Treatment :

Gonorrhea can be treated easily once diagnosed. In order to successfully treat this disease, it is vital to follow all the medications prescribed by the doctor. This is treated by taking antibiotics duly prescribed by doctors. Additionally, avoid having sexual contact when you are in medication. However, when antibiotics are being resistant to you and no cure is happening immediately consult your doctor for proper re-medication.

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