The term ‘cyst’ is used to describe fluid filled pus and swelling in any part of the body. Ganglion cyst is the cyst that occurs in a tendon or in a joint of your hands or fingers. The size of cyst can range anywhere from pea sized button to a big golf ball. Ganglion cysts sometimes occur on your feet or ankles also. It contains pus filled fluid called synovial fluid. Ganglion cyst are harmless and hence do not cause cancer. Often they do not cause any pain but sometimes when it occurs close to a nerve it can be painful.
Symptoms Of Ganglion Cyst :
Ganglion cyst is marked by its location and size. It occurs as small soft lumps on the joints of hands or fingers and sometimes on your ankle or feet. They are round or oval shaped lumps measuring less than an inch. However some cysts are big growing with pus filled synovial fluid.
Ganglion cyst grows out a joint resembling a small water balloon. It is attached to a stalk and the tissue surrounding it would be bulging. Ganglion cysts do not cause pain. But when it grows too big to exert pressure on the nearby nerve it can be painful. Ganglion cysts can appear suddenly or grow over time.
Exact cause of development of ganglion cyst is not known.
Risk Factors :
Ganglion cyst can occur to anybody irrespective of age and gender. But for reasons not known they are found largely in women. A person having any type of arthritis is likely to develop ganglion cyst. An individual with joint injury has more chance for getting ganglion cyst than others.
It is easy to detect ganglion cyst by mere physical exam. Your doctor may give little pressure on the cyst to check for tenderness. If required, your doctor may conduct aspiration test to take out little of the synovial fluid from the cyst to check on the lab.
Images, Pics, Photos and Pictures of Ganglion Cyst :
Ganglion Cyst Treatment :
Ganglion cyst generally do not cause any pain and hence require no treatment. In case it is causing discomfort or it interferes with the joint movement involved you can approach your doctor. Your doctor may immobilize the cyst by applying a splint or brace on the ganglion cyst o that it does not grow bigger in size. Wearing a splint on the cyst region will shrink it gradually releasing the pressure inside. Aspiration is a process in which your physician would drain off the fluid inside through a small needle. He may also give you a shot of steroid on the area to prevent its occurrence further.
Surgery will be done for removing large sized ganglion cyst or if the cyst causes difficulty in moving your joint. Local anesthesia will be given for numbing the area and the surgeon would remove the cyst along with stalk to which it is attached. To manage pain caused by small sized ganglion cyst you can use pain killers like Advil or Motrin IB. Never attempt to open the cyst yourself since you can make conditions worse. You are likely to develop infection by piercing the cyst on your own using a needle.